Social smoking among US college students. People with depression have particular difficulty when they try to stop smoking and have more severe withdrawal symptoms during attempts to give up.
New research reveals how nicotine, the active ingredient in cigarettes, works in the brain to suppress smokers' appetites. These factors make it more likely that someone will encounter stress.
While some students took study breaks alone, other students described taking a break with friends outside the residence hall or the library.
During such times, he smoked to keep his friend company, which he thought would make him feel better. As part of the interview, students were given a deck of cards that listed a range of reasons for smoking.
Some studies, though, suggest it may just be the ritual of smoking that induces a calming effect, because nicotine is actually considered a stimulantnot a depressant. Methods that people have found helpful include meditation and breathing exercises, regular exercise, cutting down on alcohol, eating a well-balanced diet, acupuncture and clinical hypnosis.
That feeling of wellbeing is also very short-lived and over time your brain craves more nicotine — this is why at least two-thirds of those who try cigarettes go on to become daily smokers.
Although the smoking break is ostensibly for stress relief for both students, cigarettes serve different purposes and meanings for each of them.