Explaining the gender gap in crime: The role of heart rate.
Why do individuals commit crimes? Sociology encompasses a very wide range of theoretical perspectives, especially crime and deviance, in which sociological criminologists particularly focus on emphasising crime as a social Why do individuals commit crimes?
This paper provides a selective review of three specific biological factors — psychophysiology with the focus on blunted heart rate and skin conductancebrain mechanisms with a focus on structural and functional aberrations of the prefrontal cortex, amygdala, and striatumand genetics with an emphasis on gene-environment and gene-gene interactions.
This selective review discusses three biological factors that have been examined in relation to antisocial and criminal behavior: psychophysiology, brain, and genetics. This may have implications for different types of offenders, with elevated autonomic functioning presenting in reactively aggressive individuals who engage in impulsive crimes and blunted autonomic functioning presenting in proactively aggressive offenders engaging in more premediated crimes.
Impairments in autonomic functioning could lead to risky or inappropriate behavior if individuals are unable to experience or label somatic changes and connect them to relevant emotional experiences.
This person is sometimes called a "super male. Impairment of social and moral behavior related to early damage in human prefrontal cortex.
Considering that many of the aforementioned biological risk factors are significantly influenced by social environment, interventions in multiple spheres may help mitigate biological risks for antisocial behavior.