Compare and contrast leadership styles traits contingency and behavioral approaches

Difference between behavioural theory and contingency theory of leadership

He recommends selecting leaders to match the situation or changing the situation to match the leader. Least-preferred coworker LPC The person with whom the leader least likes to work. Finally, what is the true meaning of the LPC score—exactly what is being revealed by a person who sees their least-preferred coworker in positive or negative terms? The effectiveness of a given pattern of leader behavior is contingent upon the demands imposed by the situation. The design of an organizations and its subsystems must 'fit' with the environment 3. Situational Contingency Approaches to Leadership What are the situational perspectives on leadership? Together, these theories make clear that leadership is effective when the characteristics and behavior of the leader match the demands of the situation.

Effective organizations not only have a proper 'fit' with the environment but also between its subsystems and 4. Under unfavorable conditions, task-oriented behaviors, such as setting goals, detailing work methods, and guiding and controlling work behaviors, move the group toward task accomplishment.

Hiblino, J.

difference between trait theory and behavioral theory of leadership pdf

The least-favorable situation occurs under poor leader-member relations, an unstructured task, and weak position power cell 8. In a business following this model, you are always scanning and analyzing the actions of their employees to see which workers show the necessary "leadership potential.

Kennedy, Jr. Psychological Bulletin — In high-control situations, however, they may become bored.

What are similarities and differences between trait theory and contingency theory

In , Herbert Spencer, an English philosopher disputed the great man theory by affirming that these heroes are simply the product of their times and their actions the results of social conditions. Trait Theory 's - 's The trait leadership theory believes that people are either born or are made with certain qualities that will make them excel in leadership roles. Instead of viewing a successful leader as someone who is born with traits, it states that leaders can be developed. The contingency theory however helps in a better understanding of the behavior of a leader in a particular situation by also taking into account two factors that are a part of the organizational framework. Martocchion, F. Both approaches seek to define leadership in context of the behavior exhibited by a leader in different situations. Organizational Dynamics, 4, 9. Therefore, anyone can be a leader, but they must have the proper environment and training for leadership qualities to develop. Glossary contingency theory of leadership A theory advanced by Dr. If the job or task is well defined the leader is able to yield a greater control over his subordinates.

Take, for example, two people.

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