Concept of face and facework
Positive politeness addresses positive face concerns, often by showing prosocial concern for the other's face.
On face work summary
Ignorance of uncomfortable and unforeseen incidents might help to continue in the desired flow of events. One's emotional and physical attitude in social interaction is described as dignity. To lose face is to publicly suffer a diminished self-image. I just wish I didn't see them when you eat. Misleading of Face The faces of both the sender and recipient are always in progress. However, ignorance strategies do only work in cooperation with the addressee. It hence mirrors the way a person wants to be perceived by others in his surrounding space. One introduces so-called corrective processes, if a particular threat to face cannot be avoided anymore.
While it is true that the conceptualization of what constitutes face and the rules governing face behavior vary considerably across cultures, the concern for face is invariant. In terms of interpersonal communicationFacework refers to an individual's identity in a social world and how that identity is created, reinforced, diminished, and maintained in communicative interactions.
Face-threatening acts come in four varieties, listed below in order from most to least face threatening: Do an FTA baldly, with no politeness e.
This identity, or public self-image, is what we project when we interact socially. Social interaction is a process combining line and face, or face work.
Name dropping, eagerness to associate with the rich and famous, the use of external status symbols, sensitivity to insult, lavish gift-giving, the use of titles, the sedulous avoidance of criticism, all abound, and require considerable readjustment for someone used to organizing social life by impersonal rules, frankness, and greater equality.
Accepting each others' faces and the corresponding social roles people are taking, is defined as face-to-face talk. These interaction patterns serve as face-saving acts.
Face-work is hence divided into two processes: In order to avoid a threat to one's face, one introduces different avoidance processes. If particular information about an individual does not fit the overall impression of others, this person is supposed to be in the wrong-face.
Anytime a person threatens another person's face, the first person commits a face-threatening act FTA. The presentation of self in everyday life. While it is true that the conceptualization of what constitutes face and the rules governing face behavior vary considerably across cultures, the concern for face is invariant. Expressive orders need to be taken care of in order to avoid threats to one's face and to restore one's face after it has been threatened. He claimes that everyone is concerned, to some extent, with how others perceive them. Goffman describes three levels which influence an individual's actions in order to correspond to one's face needs: The need to fulfil one's own desires is described as pride. If a particular behaviour of a person does not fit the overall impression of others, a person is supposed to be out-of-face. Preventive acts are so-called announcements about potential awkward incidents that might take place in the flow of events. In some instances, protecting against loss of face becomes so central an issue that it swamps the importance of the tangible issues at stake and generates intense conflicts that can impede progress toward agreement and increase substantially the costs of conflict resolution.
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