Critical essays on alexander pope
Pope was said to have remarked that: "Were it to have nymphs as well — it would be complete in everything. Though the Dunciad was first published anonymously in Dublinits authorship was not in doubt.
It was acclaimed by Samuel Johnson as "a performance which no age or nation could hope to equal" although the classical scholar Richard Bentley wrote: "It is a pretty poem, Mr.
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Such was the Muse, whose rules and practice tell "Nature's chief master-piece is writing well. On the other side, writers such as John Dryden and William Wycherley, as well as moralists such as the third earl of Shaftesbury, defended the use and freedom of wit. As shades more sweetly recommend the light, So modest plainness sets off sprightly wit. An ardent judge, who zealous in his trust, With warmth gives sentence, yet is always just; Whose own example strengthens all his laws; And is himself that great sublime he draws. Part 2 Of all the causes which conspire to blind Man's erring judgment, and misguide the mind, What the weak head with strongest bias rules, Is pride, the never-failing vice of fools. Some praise at morning what they blame at night; But always think the last opinion right. From The Rape of the Lock onwards, these satirical themes are a constant in his work.
The poem was said to be a response to an ongoing debate on the question of whether poetry should be natural, or written according to predetermined artificial rules inherited from the classical past. Pope presents himself as abiding by and exemplifying the critical virtues he has hitherto commended.
Thus wit, like faith, by each man is applied To one small sect, and all are damn'd beside. Be silent always when you doubt your sense; And speak, though sure, with seeming diffidence: Some positive, persisting fops we know, Who, if once wrong, will needs be always so; But you, with pleasure own your errors past, And make each day a critic on the last.
Summer poem by alexander pope summary
The Essay also gives this famous line towards the end of Part II : To err is human, to forgive divine. But see! In other words, the true and false uses of wit must be judged by those who have learned the rules of nature. Be thou the first true merit to befriend; His praise is lost, who stays till all commend. What crowds of these, impenitently bold, In sounds and jingling syllables grown old, Still run on poets, in a raging vein, Even to the dregs and squeezings of the brain, Strain out the last, dull droppings of their sense, And rhyme with all the rage of impotence! He, who supreme in judgment, as in wit, Might boldly censure, as he boldly writ, Yet judg'd with coolness, though he sung with fire; His precepts teach but what his works inspire. He was in constant need of his maid to dress and care for him. The grotto now lies beneath Radnor House Independent Co-ed School, and is occasionally opened to the public. Aside from making some minor revisions to the preface, it seems that Pope had little to do with it. Pope now furnishes an even broader historical context for these modern ills. Pope used the model of Horace to satirise life under George II , especially what he regarded as the widespread corruption tainting the country under Walpole's influence and the poor quality of the court's artistic taste. In praise so just let ev'ry voice be join'd, And fill the gen'ral chorus of mankind! But we, brave Britons, foreign laws despis'd, And kept unconquer'd, and uncivilis'd, Fierce for the liberties of wit, and bold, We still defied the Romans, as of old.
Because of the overlapping natures of poetry and criticism, however, both wit and judgment will be required in each of these pursuits. Our author, happy in a judge so nice, Produc'd his play, and begg'd the knight's advice, Made him observe the subject and the plot, The manners, passions, unities, what not?
What woeful stuff this madrigal would be, In some starv'd hackney sonneteer, or me? Regard not then if wit be old or new, But blame the false, and value still the true.
In ev'ry work regard the writer's end, Since none can compass more than they intend; And if the means be just, the conduct true, Applause, in spite of trivial faults, is due.
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