Individuals suffering from social comparison
In these cases, the boost to self-evaluation is so strong that it leads to an exaggerated sense of pride. This is known as the double-curse explanation.
In fact, if the first option occurs—you lose interest in competing—you will begin to bask in the glory of your chess playing friend as his or her performance approaches perfection. Jones arrives home from the car dealership in a brand-new Mercedes-Benz C-Class, the entry-level sedan in the Mercedes family of cars.
Many people act as if social comparison is an ugly phenomenon and one to be avoided. Table 1: The effects of social comparison. However, the good performers do not have this particular logic problem and are actually quite good at estimating their raw scores.
Proximity to a Standard Research suggests that social comparison involves the proximity of a standard—such as the 1 ranking or other qualitative threshold. As a result, the students reported higher self-esteem than they did when the other applicant was seen as a highly competent job candidate.
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Social comparison theory quotes
Relevance is thus a necessary precondition for social comparison. When we can, we may put these comparisons to the test in real-world settings. They may determine who is hired in an organization or who is promoted at work. For example, if excelling in academics is more important to you than excelling in sports, you are more likely to compare yourself with others in terms of academic rather than athletic performance. In one study, students in a classroom were presented with a bonus point program where, based on chance, the grades for some students would increase and the grades for others would remain the same. In the Triadic Model the most meaningful comparisons are with a person who has already experienced a proxy and exhibits consistency in related attributes or past preferences. Upward social comparisons are made to self-evaluate and self-improve in the hopes that self-enhancement will also occur. Imagine an American exchange student arriving in India for the first time, a country where the culture is drastically different from his own. The power of upward social comparison can also be harnessed for social good. After all, placing second is more prestigious than placing third. Your work performance is appraised based on your teaching and on your academic publications. Once you have a good understanding of what you are capable of, you might then begin comparing your performance to other people that you know. We might not be great at something, but at least we are better off than someone else.
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Lateral social comparison
The desire for social comparison can cause FoMO and compulsive checking of social media sites. The social comparison process involves people coming to know themselves by evaluating their own attitudes , abilities, and beliefs in comparison with others. In one study Morse and Gergen had students apply for a job, and they also presented the students with another individual who was supposedly applying for the same job. In comparison to him, your performance is not nearly as skilled, but you might feel that you can eventually achieve a similar skill with a little practice. Once you have a good understanding of what you are capable of, you might then begin comparing your performance to other people that you know. Half the participants were told the game was related to intelligence whereas the other half were not. Proximity to a Standard Research suggests that social comparison involves the proximity of a standard—such as the 1 ranking or other qualitative threshold. Researchers examining the social effects of the media have used social comparison theory have found that in most cases women tend to engage in upward social comparisons with a target other, which results in more negative feelings about the self.
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