Cohn says the laws reflect the anxiety that followed the Black Death's new horrors of mass mortality and destruction, and from elite anxiety about manifestations such as the flagellant movement and the persecution of Jews, Catalans in Sicilyand beggars.
The English took advantage of proximity to raw material, wool England itself produced, a pattern increasingly common in late medieval business. Russell, Josiah C.
Cohn, Samuel K. The advent of winter stopped the outbreaks initially as had happened elsewhere, but contagion was spread with goods to commercial towns and cities deep into northern Germany.
Iceland and Finland are the only regions that, we know with certainty, avoided the Black Death because they had tiny populations with minimal contact abroad. From its arrival in Italy in late through its clockwise movement across the continent to its petering out in the Russian hinterlands inthe magna pestilencia great pestilence killed between seventeen and twenty—eight million people.
Manchester: Manchester University Press, En route to Spain, the Black Death also struck out from the city of Narbonne north-westwards along the main road to the commercial centre of Bordeaux on the Atlantic coast, which by the end of March had become a critical new centre of spread.
After three days of fasting, hungry rat fleas turn on humans.
In this environment, survivors also benefited from the technological and commercial skills developed during the course of the high Middle Ages. However, up to there were only a few studies of mortality among ordinary people, so the basis for this assessment was weak.